Dissertations for the History of Education, vol. 51 (2014)

8 marca 2015

Articles

Zarina S. Gatina, Irina M. Savelieva, Academic Historians in Russian Media: a Selfie-Session

Summary: The authors of the current study have interviewed a number of leading Russian historians in an attempt to find out how the scholars understand public history and how they do it. The article presents an analysis of historians’ views of the aims and motives behind their public lectures, of the models of behaviour, forms of representations of historical material, as well as their reflections on the system of argumentation and the language used at addressing an un-professional audience.

 

Kira A. Ilina, The Time of ‘Bubbles’, or On the Phenomenon of Academic Attestation in post-Soviet Russia

Summary: Studying the development of educational and research institutions in Russia in 1990s and 2000s, the author saw a flood of scholarly publications and doctoral theses that were not contributing to the growth of scientific knowledge on their respective subjects. The production of such papers she called as ‘bubble making’. This article shows this phenomenon for example the “Yakushev school”, a scholarly movement whose representatives over the last 20 years have studied the history of awarding academic degrees in the Russian Empire, USSR and the Russian Federation. Alexander Yakushev was professor at universities in Stavropol, Pyatigorsk and Nevinnomyssk; now at the Russian International Innovative University in Sochi. Also he has actively participated in discussing reform projects for scholarly certification and published expert estimates of current legislation in this sphere. In this article author analyzes the causes of this school’s emergence, its perspective, research areas and its achievements.

 

Juriy Kurstak, Anton S. Budilovich as a Scholar and Teacher of Historico-Philological Institute of Prince Bezborodko  in Nezhin

Summary: Author examines history of education in the periphery of the Russian Empire in the second half of the nineteenth century on the example of Anton Budilovich. It was one of the leading figures of the Russian education at that time. Author believes that by the example of Budilovich’s activities particular aspects of Russian government policy in the field of higher education can be traced. Achievements of Budilovich gradually returns as the object of study of contemporary scientists. Author devotes attention to the work of scientists on the Historico-Philological  Institute Prince Bezborodko in Nezhin, presenting it in a wider historical background. Budilovich contributed to the development of the university, being active in its administrative authorities. It is also shown pedagogical aspect of Budilovich’s activity as well as his accumulated scientific achievements. A period of Nezhin was the first school of independent work for Budilovich and  any other lecturer of the Institute. A large part of the faculty of Nezhin later worked at the Imperial University of Warsaw in an important period of its history exerting a significant influence on the development of the university.

 

Valeriy V. Levchenko, A History of the University in Odessa 1920-1933: the Construction of a Tradition or the Break of Continuity?

Summary: The University of I. I. Mechnikov in Odessa is presented in historiography as a direct continuation of the Odessian University tradition, inaugurated in 1865 by the Imperial Novorossiya University. However, a detailed analysis of history of higher education in Odessa in Soviet and Ukrainian periods, especially in the years 1920-1933, shows that this alleged continuity is by no means obvious, since during the 13 years the university as a form of organization of higher education in Odessa, Kharkov and Kiev simply did not exist. In his analysis of some features of the higher education’s institutions (institutes and academies) which existed in Odessa in 1912-1933, the author tries to answer the question: is it justified to treat these institutions as continuation of university tradition, or, rather, to see them as the new forms of higher education, illustrating the break of this continuity.

 

Michał Piekarski, “University and Music”. The Way to Establishing a Faculty of Musicology at Lviv

Summary: The article describes the beginnings of the Faculty of Musicology at the University of Lviv, which was established in 1913 by Polish musicologist Adolf Chybiński (1880-1952). It was also the first Faculty of Musicology in the history of Polish scholarship. The beginnings of the faculty were connected with the great development of Lviv University at the time of the Galician Autonomy. One of the most important people who played a key role in this project was Jan Bołoz Antoniewicz, head of the Faculty of the History of Art. The university authorities wanted to constantly create new branches of learning at the Polish University in Lviv. For this reason, the Dean of the Philosophy Department invited Adolf Chybiński (who had graduated from the University of Munich) top issue his academic work and postdoctoral degree at Lviv. Chybiński obtained his Habilitation degree in 1912. During the final oral defence of the dissertation, the debate was chaired by Guido Adler from the University of Vienna as there was no professor of musicology at Lviv. In autumn 1912, the Ministry of Religion and Education in Vienna confirmed Chybiński’s appointment to the post of lecturer in music history and theory, and in November 1912 he took up his teaching duties. His inaugural lecture was entitled University and Music. The summer of 1913 saw the establishing of the Faculty of Musicology as part of the Philosophy Department.This was the beginning of the Faculty of Musicology, which existed at Lviv University till the end of 1939.

 

Małgorzata Terteka, In  the 70th Anniversary of the Joseph Rafacz’s Death, the Dean of Underground Warsaw University’s Law Faculty

Summary: The article presents the profile of the remarkable historian of the former Poland`s law, who lived in the years 1890-1944. He was an author of numerous works on Polish procedural law and legal situation of peasants in the former Poland; professor and lecturer at the Catholic University of Lublin and the Warsaw University in the years 1922-1944; organizer of the Secret Warsaw University’s Law Faculty during the World War II; member of both Polish and foreign scientific institutions, including Scientific Society of Warsaw, Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences in Cracow, the Scientific Society in Lviv. This article is a memory of this eminent educator and researcher in his 70th death anniversary.

 

Sr Joanna Wiśniewska, Elimination of Nuns from the Education’s and Upbringing’s System of Polish People’s Republic

Summary: In the Polish post-war reality, the presence of the Church, religion and religious in public space, with time proved not acceptable. The party’s and the government’s authorities consistently strive to separation of church and state, according to the Soviet model. Implemented by the Communist Party program secularization of social life, has transformed the Polish school, on whose territory took place specific “battle for the souls”, which one element was the personnel policy, aiming to deprive congregations educational and upbringing influence on children and adolescents. The nuns were eliminated from the state’s and previously belonging to religious congregations educational institutions. Nationalized and liquidated – recognized universally – religious school led by the sisters kindergartens, dormitories, boarding schools and orphanages. The discrimination and elimination nuns in the field of education, achieved its apogee in the late 50’s and 60’s, when authorities using legal provisions for the Education, regarded as a distinct religious social group, which had no right to teach even the religion, not only in school but also outside its walls.

 

Materials

The Letters of Edward Porębowicz and Mścisław Wartenberg to Adolf Chybiński, 1911-1912, foreword and edited by Michał Piekarski

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